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Forum: Particles
Re: None Fractional Dynamic Charge in 4.6.1? (Jeff)
Date: 23 May, 2004
From: Vladimir IVANTCHENKO <>

On Fri, 21 May 2004, Jeff wrote:

> *** Discussion title: Particles
> Email replies to must include:
>   In-Reply-To: <"/particles/63">
>   Subject: ...change this to be about your reply.
> I was told that this error was present in geant 4.5.2 so I've upgraded
> all my source code to GEANT 4.6.1 and things seem to be working OK.I
> appear to be producing the heavy ions like I expect. However I am still
> having problems with fractional dynamic charge. I've gone to the
> web-page
> And installed the following lists QGSP 2.8/QGSP_BERT 1.2 /QGSP_BIC 1.2
> with the newest Packaging library 2.5.
> I tried running my program 3 times using each of the above physics
> lists, yet when I look at the dynamic charge of my ions I still get
> fractional charge values. It would appear that anything heavier than an
> alpha carries this fractional charge. Has anyone had this problem in
> 4.5.2 and had it solved in 4.6?
> Cheers
> Jeff

If ion is fast its dynamic change should the same as number of protons in 
the nucleus. For slow ions there is an equilibrium between ion and media, 
so effective change is fractional. This is hadronic models independent.

What is your problem: the fraction is not correct or in your use-case ions 
are not in the equilibrium with the media?


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